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World Association of International Studies

PAX, LUX ET VERITAS SINCE 1965
Post Pilar Urbano y Jesus Palacios
Created by John Eipper on 06/15/14 5:33 AM

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Pilar Urbano y Jesus Palacios (Anthony J Candil, USA, 06/15/14 5:33 am)

In response to Ángel Viñas (13 June), I don't dispute that Pilar Urbano's book might be pure trash. But to say so, the first thing to do is read it.

It is interesting anyway to realize that whenever she has written on the side of the government or the Crown, she has been much praised. But now her book is pure trash. Very interesting indeed.

If her book is pure trash, why have the Spanish Crown and some political parties, especially the Socialist Party (PSOE), reacted so furiously? Why has the book almost completely disappeared?

I should also point out to Ángel that Jesús Palacios is indeed Associate Professor at the School of Political Science and Sociology, University of Madrid.

JE comments: I don't know if Ángel Viñas has read the Urbano book or not, but I am inspired to repeat a question I posed once before without much response: what book or books have you passed judgment on without reading?  I'll pick the Dan Brown religious thrillers. Haven't read them, and don't intend to.

I just checked, and Brown and I are the same age, and were even in Seville at the same time: 1985. (I was spending a semester in Granada, but visited Seville twice.)  Brown and I also share a New Hampshire connection. I wonder if he was part of the Amherst College Glee Club that traveled to Dartmouth around 1984.  If so, then we've met. 

So one should never rush to judgment...


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  • Pilar Urbano and 9/11 (Henry Levin, USA 06/15/14 1:12 PM)
    In response to Anthony Candil (15 June), in 2005 I did read Pilar Urbano's book on the US plot to attack the World Trade Center and Pentagon on 11 September and to blame it on innocent Islamists.

    According to Urbano and her "sources," there is no evidence that any plane hit the WTC, but there is unequivocal evidence that a missile did the job. It is not pure trash; this is far too kind a term for this Opus Dei fabricator. Rather, it is pure excrement, created to foment an anti-US backlash among Spaniards who are very susceptible to intrigues of their own historical making. And like the telenovelas in Spain, it was viewed as a playback of reality by the media.


    JE comments:  Ángel Viñas (next in queue) has also sent a further comment on Urbano.  She strikes me as the sort who might self-Google; if so, Estimada Sra Urbano:  Si Ud quiere comentar para los lectores de WAIS, yo con mucho gusto publico su respuesta.  Mi dirección:  jeipper@waisworld.org.  Saludos.

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    • Pilar Urbano, Iraq, and Other Topics (Anthony J Candil, USA 06/16/14 5:59 AM)
      I sense a general WAIS weariness about the issue of Spain and its future or its past. I don't intend to convince anybody, and of course I don't own the truth if it is there any truth at all.

      To me there is much more going on in Spain than meets the eye, and I don't believe in official versions or official history. If some want to continue believing that Mr Juan Carlos was a champion of freedom and democracy, fine.


      On the other hand, I fully sympathize with Henry Levin (15 June), and I want to make clear that I don't know or even believe in Pilar Urbano, an ardent member of Opus Dei (the White Mafia). I have heard about her book on September 11th, and of course it is pure crap and I don't even understand how she even dared to write on a subject she knows nothing about. But on the Spanish Royals it is a different story. Urbano has been very close to Queen Sofía and she has been much praised until now.


      And then, for the time being let's go back to Iraq and Mexico. And our problems with guns and mass shootings.


      On Iraq I'm glad to see that I share the same views as Thomas Friedman, who on his 15 June column in the New York Times, is wary about intervening again over there and rather sees the Iraqis now solving their own mess. I wish them good luck.


      Let's hope we don't move even a finger there and also get out from Afghanistan.


      JE comments:  One thing you can bank on:  no new intervention from the US in Iraq.  The US clients in the present Iraqi government cannot be sleeping well.

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      • A New Intervention in Iraq? (Alan Levine, USA 06/16/14 2:17 PM)
        In response to Anthony Candil's post of 16 June, JE commented: "One thing you can bank on: no new intervention from the US in Iraq."

        If by "intervention" John means a land army, then I agree. I would not be surprised, however, if the US uses air power to stop an onslaught on Baghdad.


        JE comments: Yes, I was thinking of a land war, but US air power would not be out of the question if Baghdad is threatened. A question for our military analysts: is ISIS/ISIL strong enough to mount an offensive on the capital?  Perhaps the more accurate question would be:  is the Iraqi military weak enough to allow it to happen?

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        • Responsibility for Iraq (David Krieger, USA 06/17/14 4:16 AM)

          All the talk of a new US intervention in Iraq has only one root: the destabilizing act of illegally invading and occupying Iraq by the George W. Bush administration, with their arrogant claims that the US would be greeted as liberators. Rather than the US being greeted as liberators, our country lost yet another war there, one which left thousands of American soldiers dead, tens of thousands wounded and still more traumatized. We also destabilized the region; slaughtered and displaced Iraqis; left Iraq in a mess; created the conditions for a civil war there; strengthened Iran; created many new advocates of al-Qaeda and other terrorist organizations; and demonstrated disdain for international law.



          Lying the US into an aggressive war, a crime against peace at Nuremberg, is an act for which there should be accountability, as there was at Nuremberg. This, of course, would require the courage and principle to create policies to hold our own leaders to the same standards that we held those leaders whom we defeated in combat.



          The failure of militarism to accomplish any reasonable end, when compared with the terrible and predictable loss of life, is a strong argument for pursuing peace by peaceful means. The most important question confronting the US as a society is: have we learned any valuable lessons or gained any wisdom from our defeats in Iraq and Afghanistan? Those wars demonstrate conclusively that as a country we learned all the wrong lessons (less than nothing) from the grotesque war in Vietnam.


          JE comments:   David Krieger has condemned the Iraq intervention with an unequivocal voice for over a decade.  The recent barbaric acts from ISIS/ISIL are an "I told you so" moment for David, but I know this brings him no satisfaction.


          Iraq once again presents another series of unpalatable choices.  That the "West" is doing nothing at this point perhaps shows that we did learn some lessons from Iraq and Afghanistan:  wars come at an incalculable price, and they unleash a chain of events that cannot be foreseen.

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          • Tony Blair on Iraq, Syria (John Heelan, -UK 06/18/14 4:00 AM)
            One notes that the junior architect of the Iraq War--Tony Blair--is rattling sabres once again about Iraq and Syria, while still strenuously ducking, diving and denying any responsibility for his earlier actions. Maybe it is this strange behaviour of the EU Middle Easy Peace Envoy (sic!) that has caused Boris Johnson--London's Mayor--to question his sanity, writing in the Daily Telegraph: "I have come to the conclusion that Tony Blair has finally gone mad," and his one-time loyal Deputy PM--John Prescott--accusing his former boss of "trying to take the world 'back to the crusades.'" (Huffington Post).

            I did not think my opinion of Blair could sink any further.  I was wrong!


            JE comments:  Iraq and Tony Blair:  plus ça change!  Next, perhaps, we'll hear about the revival of MySpace, Lycos, and Pets.com... 


            Permit me just one "separated by a common language" observation.  In the US, it would be unthinkable for one politician to publish an op-ed calling another "mad."  This is for two reasons, I suppose:  1) guild solidarity, even with a political opponent, and 2) the taboo against stigmatizing the mentally ill.




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            • Options for Iraq and Syria (Robert Gibbs, USA 06/20/14 5:03 AM)
              After reading several WAISers' points on the current situation in Iraq, I believe that it would be prudent to refrain, at least for now, from all discussions on who did what to make this situation possible or worse. The venting of anti-Bush and anti-Obama claims are, I would suggest, at present, akin to the Byzantines debating the sex of angels when the Osmali were at the gates. We are in this particular situation now, rightly or wrongly, with a range of responses before us, depending upon our collective appreciation of the effects of the current ISIS (or ISIL) invasion. Not just today, but for the future of the US, the region and the world.



              In short, we are in this situation now. My fault, your fault, our fault, nobody's fault, we are here now and we should decide what (if anything) we should do. Realizing that no matter what we do will not have a perfect ending and regardless of what we decide, many are going to die, innocent and guilty alike. The current situation in Iraq is not just some intellectual exercise; it is real and it is here now. As far as I can see, none of the choices before us are great or optimal, but even if it is to decide to do nothing, it is a choice that is certainly on the table. We in the West should decide what is in our best interests, especially in the long run and hopefully live with the results--which probably will not be as desired.



              My experience in the area tells me that we really have three choices: 1) To do nothing and say so; 2) To bomb the ISIS forces with the necessary collateral damage; or 3) To send in troops and bomb. A fourth is to convince the Kurds that it is in their interest to join this fight; after all they are next after Baghdad.

              JE comments: Amen, Brother Bob. As for the ISIS/ISIL blame game, I appended this comment to Robert Whealey's post on June 12th:  "Who do you dislike more, Obama or Bush?  Pick that guy."  Now is not the time to draw from the Byzantine playbook.

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              • Options for Iraq and Syria; on Nominative Determinism (John Torok, USA 06/21/14 4:49 AM)
                Nominative determinism: is Dr. Slaughter the prospective Dr. Strangelove of the next, and final if nuclear, New American Century?

                Bob Gibbs (20 June) is spot-on both about how DC policy executors ought best to view the Iraq/Levant situation, and about the utter asininity of, to use my language not Bob's, the two wings of the capitalist party pointing fingers about that situation.


                For clarity, limit your exposure to the WMD (weapons of mass distraction) that Sister Sarah Palin taught us to call the lamestream media.


                I remember fondly a poste and riposte from our last supper at the Adrian, Michigan, WAIS conference:


                "All we are saying is give peace a chance!"

                "And if that fails, start the bombers!"


                JE comments:  The John Torok-Bob Gibbs relationship is a great joining of opposites!  Where else but WAIS could a long-haired Occupy activist from Oakland and a tough-as-nails warrior-scholar build such a deep and genuine friendship?

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              • "We Are Where We Are, So Deal with It" (John Heelan, -UK 06/21/14 4:58 AM)
                With respect to Robert Gibbs's "We are where we are--deal with it'" scenario (20 June), this a favourite political ploy used as a later excuse by a government that has taken an unwise leap in the dark. This might be encapsulated in the joke about somebody leaping off the top of the Sears Tower intent on suicide. As he passed a window on the 50th floor, the potential suicide was asked, "How is it going?" to which he replied, "OK. so far!" We learn nothing from that political ploy, which means it is likely to be repeated again and again.

                The UK version of that ploy is "Sorry! Let's draw a line under it, learn the lesson and move on!" So many "lines" have been drawn over the last two decades that the government stationery budget must be well overspent.


                JE comments: The blame-game for ISIS/ISIL is perhaps different, as both Bush and Obama are being criticized with equal vehemence, depending on your political leanings.

                The Sears Tower--what's that?  (I drove by the Willis Tower a few weeks ago, when visiting David Duggan in Chicago.)
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                • ISIS/ISIL: "We Are Where We Are, So Deal with It" (Robert Gibbs, USA 06/22/14 4:53 AM)
                  In response to John Heelan's comments of 21 June, I am not sure as to what he means or proposes. We are most assuredly in the Iraq crisis, and we have to decide what if anything we should do in light of what is in our national interests and goals. Wishing will not make it go away. Deciding that it was Bush's fault or Obama's fault will still leave us with the problem of what to do. If we decide to do nothing, or send in thousands of troops or anything in between, we will have to live with the consequences. There are no good choices here but we should make a choice and not just let the choice be made for us as a fait accompli--and then have to deal with that.



                  As for our Editor, and as much as it pains me to say this, I would like to point out that while we--the West in general and the US in particular--are war-weary and want to avoid war, our opponents are not and while we may wish it were not so, they are at war with us but by any means available. Worse by our actions--inaction, refusal to recognize this--I believe we are turning this into inevitable and real Clash of Civilizations.

                  JE comments:  Wouldn't inaction in Iraq lessen the Clash of Civilizations?  It takes two to make a clash, and my point is that it is no longer politically acceptable in the West to choose war, unlike in 2003.  Iran (for a price) may be able to help with the ISIS/ISIL threat, and my guess is that high-level discussions with the IRI are taking place as we speak.

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                  • ISIS/ISIL and the Money Trail; from Ric Mauricio (John Eipper, USA 06/22/14 1:54 PM)
                    JE: These comments came in from our friend Ric Mauricio:

                    I am finding the commentary on political and military ramifications of the situation in Iraq quite informative, especially coming from such learned and experienced WAISers. I cannot even begin to pretend to have any of the academic or military background that goes into the analysis of the issues involved.


                    But when I look at global situations, unlike the young man in The Sixth Sense, who sees dead people, I instead see charts ... charts of stocks and commodities.


                    I have seen some sources that indicate that the Saudi government (which is Sunni) has disavowed anything to do with ISIS. However, other sources have reported that funds are being funneled to ISIS through wealthy connections from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Qatar (with their governments looking the other way, of course). ISIS got their hands on $450 million from a bank in the captured city of Mosul (really would have hated to have my dinars parked in that bank). Oh, but wait, aren't the Saudis our friends, along with Kuwait (hey, George HW Bush saved them from Saddam ... remember?) and Qatar? Don't we buy a lot of oil from them? Then there are the Persians (Iranians to most people in the US). Iran is Shiite. The US-backed prime minister of Iraq, al-Maliki, is Shiite, therefore we are now on the same side as Rouhani, the prime minister of Iran (which is Shiite).


                    President Obama is sending 275 Spec-Ops for security purposes. Uh, look at the history books, folks. That's exactly what President Kennedy did at the beginning of the Vietnam War. I think he called them "advisors."


                    Cui Bono?


                    Ah, this is all crazy, unless, hmmm, here comes my financial forensic analysis question again. Cui bono? Who benefits? Brent crude oil prices have increased 14.7% in the last couple of weeks, as uncertainty has hit the oil markets. By the way, my technical charts issued a buy signal on oil on June 10th. Who does this benefit? Why, gee, the Saudis, Kuwaitis, Qataris, and global oil companies. As a former controller of a fuel distribution company, these kinds of market actions certainly helped our margins. So under the cover of religious wars, you have the dynamics of a manipulated oil market. No, you say, they wouldn't do that. Does anyone remember the Crusades, prompted to liberate the Holy Land? And what do you really think the Crusaders were after? Yup, you got it. Gold, silver, treasures, anything of value they could get their hands on. Why do you think the Russians wanted Crimea? Because it is a pretty area and they really care about the Crimeans who claim to be more Russian than European? Nope, access to the port for oil tankers. Why do you think the British, Spaniards, French, Ottomans, Persians, Mongolians, Romans, Macedonians, and Khazars expanded their empires? Because they loved the people they conquered? Ha, yeah, right.


                    JE comments: Follow the money. If ISIS/ISIL pockets $450 million, and oil prices rise to boot, there is no crisis that doesn't work to somebody's advantage.


                    Great to hear from you, Ric!


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                    • ISIS/ISIL and the Money Trail (Francisco Wong-Diaz, USA 06/23/14 3:56 AM)
                      Ric Mauricio's post of 22 June reminds us of the problem of causation v. correlation. The oil-producing countries are not solely Sunni Arabs, but sharp operators of commodities futures, so no surprise in their taking advantage. The previous knowledge that they might have had, which led to Ric's June 10th call on oil, is probably the reflection of better access to intel about the developing situation, since important financiers are in their midst.

                      By the way, the releasing of five Haqqani terrorists to Qatar is another example of the myopia affecting US leaders.


                      JE comments:  Commodities operators don't like uncertainty, and ISIS/ISIL provides uncertainty in abundance.  Here's a news item on that group's $450 million heist from the Mosul Central Bank.  ISIS now has the distinction of being the richest terrorist organization in the world.  All this begs two questions:  1)  Whose money was it?  and 2)  Why was it lying around in the middle of a war?  The booty amounts to $562,500 for each of the 800 fighters involved in the Mosul operation.


                      http://www.nydailynews.com/news/world/al-qaeda-inspired-isis-militants-world-richest-terror-group-looting-half-billion-iraq-bank-report-article-1.1828661


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                • Yes, It's the Sears Tower (David Duggan, USA 06/22/14 5:17 AM)
                  In response to JE's comment (see John Heelan, 21 June), Chicagoans still call it the Sears Tower.

                  JE comments: So do I--I was yankin' John Heelan's chain. Until the 1980s, every American kid knew Sears and his friend Roebuck as the default store at back-to-school time. But what is a Willis?  Do not confuse it with Willys (pronounced the same, not Willeez), a manufacturing icon in Toledo, Ohio, best remembered as the inventors of the Jeep.  (Willys became part of Kaiser, then American Motors, then Renault, then Chrysler, then Daimler-Chrysler, and now it's owned by Fiat.  Jeeps still look the same, though.)


                  Sears used to be the #1 retailer, and it owned the world's tallest building.  Now the Tower is sold and S & R is barely clinging to life.  This makes me sad.

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                  • Decline and Fall of Sears; from Ric Mauricio (John Eipper, USA 06/23/14 4:44 AM)
                    JE: In response to our recent discussion on fallen retail giant Sears, Roebuck, and Co., Ric Mauricio sends these thoughts:

                    Yes, the decline of Sears is sad indeed. I enjoyed being a salesperson for Sears, which was a step towards becoming a stockbroker for that company's Dean Witter division. Dean Witter was eventually sold off to Morgan Stanley. But I understood the dynamics of why Sears's retail presence depreciated. When the top management came down from their Sears Ivory Tower, they always announced their visits, so that the managers of each store could beef up retail personnel on the floor and clean and organize the shelves, so that what the top execs saw was a quite rosy picture; not at all the reality of not being able to find knowledgeable and helpful sales help.


                    Today, Lempert has all but given up on turning the Sears retail presence around (don't even get me started on the acquisition of K-Mart; that was like Carly Fiorina's Hewlett Packard takeover of Compaq). Instead, he is selling off parts. First spinoff was Land's End (symbol: LE). Perhaps Berkshire Home Services will buy the Sears Home Services business, and Mr. Buffett, being the smart negotiator, will probably be able to get the Sears Extended Warranties company thrown into the deal for free. Diehard batteries (oh, wow, did I sell a ton of those) might be sold to Interstate. Kenmore might be sold to Haier (yes, the Chinese appliance manufacturer itching to get a foothold in the US market), and Craftsman (I loved selling Craftsman, tools and lawnmowers) could probably be sold to Home Depot or Lowe's, or even one of the tool manufacturers like Ryobi.


                    But the big value of Sears is the real estate. They are sitting on about 2% of US retail space. In fact, they have already spun off 200 properties into Seritage, a wholly owned subsidiary of Sears. So Sears Holdings will perhaps 10 years from now be a REIT.


                    JE comments:  Sears has turned into a jalopy sold off for parts.  As much as it pains me to say it, the stores in my city give off a vibe from the 1980s or even earlier.  Dated, but not in a cool, retro way.  The Sears of Adrian closed down three or four years ago.  Kenmore, Craftsman, Diehard--these are the last gasps of a once-great company.  I'll say it again:  this is sad.

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                    • More Sears Nostalgia (Randy Black, USA 06/23/14 10:27 AM)
                      I have enjoyed in a sad, wistful way, John Eipper's and Ric Mauricio's laments regarding Sears Roebuck's ongoing slow demise (see their posts from 22 and 23 June).

                      If it were not for Sears, and a few other part-time college jobs, I would not have been able to afford my final two years of J-school at Texas Tech.


                      Sears gave me the opportunity to sell cameras, fishing and golf equipment to the goat ropers who came into the store in Lubbock between 1967 and 1969 when I graduated. I recall that I earned the federal minimum wage in 1968, $1.60 an hour, for about 18-20 hours per week that I worked when I was not in classes or on the golf course.


                      To give you an idea of my expenses, my food budget during my senior year at Texas Tech was $25 per month and the rent on my little off-campus 2-room apartment was $30 per month, bills paid. I even sold my blood about once a month for $10 per visit to the local blood bank. Coupled with what I could win fleecing the hackers at the local public golf course and money from my photography job shooting frat parties on weekends, I made do by staying busy. I rented out my car to other students on the terms that they left the tank full. Gas was in the 34 cents per gallon range, and it held ten gallons.


                      Interesting historical note: Apparently, it cost Sears more than it was worth to print checks for the tiny amounts that I took home after taxes. Thus, all part-time Sears workers were paid in cash in a little brown envelope. My supervisor told me that their feedback demonstrated that such cash payments were done not only to save printing a paper check but to encourage the part-timers to spend their cash before they even got out of the store.


                      Over the past 50+ years, I've owned a garage-full of Craftsman tools, a half dozen Kenmore clothes washers and dryers, at least three Kenmore refrigerators, a couple of food freezers, an air compressor, a table saw, a router, you name it: I've bought it at Sears.


                      When I purchased my first new car, a 1965 Mustang, it came with no air conditioner. For $2359, the only option included in the price was an AM radio. It was the small 6-cylinder, three on the floor model. Red interior, white body, no air conditioner.


                      Sears to the rescue. Two years later in Lubbock, as a college student and Sears employee, they extended me the necessary credit to get that little car an add-on AC unit that was a Godsend in summertime in Lubbock and later in Palm Desert, California where I moved after graduation. When that little sports car finally gave up the ghost about six years later, that AC unit was still working, even if the car was not. Diehard batteries, oil changes, tires, fan belts, hoses, spark plugs, it all was Sears. That Mustang had more than 130,000 miles on it when the engine finally cried "Uncle." The day the engine cratered, the AC was still cranking out cold air on yet another trip between Indio and Dallas.


                      Sears may eventually go the way of their mail order catalogue, but I still use my very first set of Craftsman socket wrenches that my grandfather gave me for my 15th birthday, and a whole bunch of other "guy" stuff.


                      JE comments: I hope our non-US colleagues will forgive this bit of nostalgia, but Sears used to be an American icon--up there with baseball, hot dogs, and that car company whose name I don't remember.


                      Craftsman tools were/are too good: they never break, and when they do, they are replaced for free. This builds great brand equity, but it's a terrible business model.  (My Craftsman socket wrench set is probably twenty years old, and still looks good as new.)



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                      • Sears Nostalgia in Brazil (Joe Listo, Brazil 06/24/14 4:09 AM)
                        No need to apologize to non-US WAISers in the case of Sears (see JE's remarks of 23 June). The company was a huge icon in Brazil during the 1960s. Friends my age still fondly remember and miss this great organization.

                        Sadly, the company closed doors in 1983. Buying at Sears was quite an experience, almost an adventure back then. Sears was years ahead of the competition. People were in awe when it displayed a power boat on its showroom (first company to display such a huge item), right next to a long line of US-made bicycles that were the dream of every teenager. Their Kenmore line of products was impressive. My mother bought a Kenmore washer that worked like a dream and lasted more than thirty years.


                        And there were also snacks, amongst which a delightful salty peanut they sold in small paper bags that one would eat like there was no tomorrow. But Sears´s cherry on the cake was the Blue Room, a well decorated ballroom they rented for birthday parties and other gatherings. Having your birthday party at the Sears Blue Room would set you apart from the crowd, as it was quite fancy at the time, not to mention expensive.


                        Sears was based in Rio de Janeiro, where it owned a large building which today houses the Botafogo Praia Mall. Its São Paulo store was bought by real estate investors, who erected yet another mall named Shopping Paulista. Although hundreds of world-class names are represented in today´s Brazil, nothing can compare with the experience of buying at Sears. I really wish the company could make a turn-around.


                        JE comments: Great to hear from you, Joe, and thank you for the memory. While it's gone in Brazil, Sears still thrives in Mexico, where it is owned by Grupo Carso, part of the empire of the world's second richest man, Carlos Slim Helú.  Sears enjoys a prestige in Mexico that it lost long ago in the US, so like Woolworth's in Mexico, I suspect it will survive the likely demise of the parent company.


                        Now that I have your ear, Joe, I hope you'll send a report on World Cup fever.  And congratulations on Brazil's victory yesterday over Cameroon.


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                      • Sears and Mustang Memories; from Ric Mauricio (John Eipper, USA 06/24/14 4:51 AM)
                        JE: Sears veteran Ric Mauricio sends this comment:

                        I enjoyed Randy Black's as well as John Eipper's walk down Memory Lane (23 June), especially when Randy started quoting those prices. Randy earned the $1.60 minimum wage in 1968. My minimum wage at Sears in 1980 was $3.00. That is a 5.4% inflation rate during those 12 years. However, since we are now at $7.50 minimum wage (around that; it differs with each state), that is only a 2.7% inflation rate for the minimum wage from 1980 to today. So, either wage inflation has slowed down for minimum-wage workers, or they are getting royally screwed.


                        Fortunately, I was able to work myself into a commission position at Sears. Besides the 2% commission on anything I sold, they gave us a quota which we had to meet. I asked HR what would happen if I met my quota. They told me I would get a 25 cent raise. Hmm, the wheels started turning, what if I doubled my quota? Then you would get a 50 cent raise. Tripled, 75 cent raise. OK, so now in addition to my basic salary of $3/hour, I would get 2% of my sales (so $100 of sales per hour would equate to $2 extra per hour), and every six months I would get a review of my quota and a raise. So for the next two years, every six months, I tripled my quota, and ended up making close to $12 per hour, four times the minimum wage. Then all the commission salespeople got called to HR for a meeting on quotas. Sears revised the rules. They froze our wages right where they were at. Adiós, amigos. You took away my incentive. So now I was ready to become a stockbroker.


                        I too had a Mustang, and one of my biggest regrets in life was selling it. It was a 1968 California Special with a 289 V8. Groan! I've also amassed a array of Craftsman tools throughout the years; my mechanic uncle had a gas station and gave me his Craftsman tools after he retired, 50 years ago. No Snap-On or MAC Tools then. So, John, are you saying that building such durable products is a bad business model? I believe Dodge had the same dilemma; their cars were built too well. But don't Toyota and Mercedes boast the same reputation?


                        Yes, Craftsman tools rarely broke. Reminds me of the time when a customer brought in a broken screwdriver and the salesperson started arguing with him that since he utilized it in a way that it wasn't designed to be used, he could not get a new screwdriver. I finally couldn't stand it, stepped into the discussion, looked at the sku on the screwdriver, told the salesperson to get another one, and exchanged the new screwdriver for the broken one. Happy customer. I explained afterwards to the salesperson that the screwdriver cost us 50 cents and that by honoring the guarantee, that customer will probably buy $100 more worth of Craftsman tools. And he will tell his son, who will tell his grandson.


                        Now there's an idea; selling Sears products through Amazon or better yet, through Alibaba. The Chinese have our Hummer; they love our Buicks, they buy our Apple phones and iPads, they eat our KFC, pizzas (as in Pizza Hut), and hamburgers (McDonalds and Burger King).  Why not Craftsman tools?


                        JE comments:  Isn't it the other way around--we buy China's Apple phones?


                        Toyota and M-B have built their reputations on quality, but there's one key difference:  unlike with Craftsman tools, you don't get a free Toyota when your old one breaks.


                        I hope WAISers have enjoyed our trip down Sears & Roebuck Memory Lane.  This all began with John Heelan's reference to the Sears Tower, and my cheeky response about the name change.  Will WAISers of the future be sharing their Willis nostalgia?  What you talkin' about...?

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                    • Another Sears Memory (Miles Seeley, USA 06/23/14 4:00 PM)
                      My contribution to the Sears Roebuck story:

                      My grandfather and his two brothers left the farm near Ypsilanti, Michigan and started a small manufacturing plant to make dashboard instruments (gas gauge, temperature, oil pressure, etc.) for GM and Ford, invented by a man named King (who was mentally ill and later died in an asylum). In World War II, they made torpedo and submarine instruments for the US Navy. After the war they switched over to making Craftsman tools for Sears. About ten years later Sears canceled the contract, saying in effect they were too well made and durable, and Sears lost money on them. My grandfather refused to make them cheaper, and that was that.


                      JE comments: So even Craftsman tools can be too good! It used to be that if Sears didn't sell it, you didn't need it: this included complete automobiles and even mail-order houses. (Mike Bonnie is next in line with his Sears contribution.)


                      Miles:  I drove past Ypsilanti today, on my way to the dentist in Ann Arbor.  It made me think of Rosie the Riveter, Ypsilanti's most famous resident.  She came up on WAIS last fall:


                      http://waisworld.org/go.jsp?id=02a&objectType=post&o=79369&objectTypeId=69022&topicId=27



                       

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                      • Memories of Sears in Philadelphia (Edward Jajko, USA 06/24/14 4:27 AM)
                        Philadelphia, city of my birth and early years until my first big job and marriage, was the site of a massive and imposing Sears, Roebuck office and warehouse building on Roosevelt Boulevard (US Rte 1).

                        A first cousin of mine worked there for a number of years, and I used to drive by that building several times a week. Now it is gone, a vacant space against the sky, in an area and a city that is somewhat in decline.


                        But my Sears story is this: my late best friend, also named Ed, used to shop in Sears a lot, buying tools and other gear. He told me, and this had to be 40 years ago, that he was in a Sears store once, browsing the shelves, when another customer came up to him and asked him where he might find product X. Ed told him, and the man thanked him and was about to move off, when Ed asked him a question: Had the gentleman thought that Ed was a Sears employee because he was ignoring the gentleman? After a moment's thought, the man said that yes, that was indeed so.


                        That was a story Ed and I laughed about for years.


                        JE comments: The Sears customer non-service was legendary. It still might be. My mother hasn't returned to Sears since she contracted to have a gas cooking range installed in a rental property in the early 1980s. The out-the-door price turned out to be much higher than the Sears estimate. This bait-and-switch was probably the fault of the contractor, but since the Sears store washed its hands of the problem, it ended up losing a life-long customer.


                        The retail flagship of Philadelphia was John Wanamaker's, one of the first great department stores. (I just learned that Wanamaker innovations included the price tag and cash refunds on returns.) On Saturday I walked past the Wanamaker's store on Chestnut Street. It's now--how blasphemous--a Macy's, but at least it was spared the fate of downtown Detroit's gargantuan Hudson's: detonation.  Hudson's stores are now Macy's, too.

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                    • Decline and Fall of Sears; on Catalog Retailers (Mike Bonnie, USA 06/24/14 3:28 AM)
                      Sears (and railroads) received mention yesterday (23 June), on a National Public Radio program in discussion of so-called "smart phones" and Internet retailers including Amazon, Google, eBay and a host of others. "The first Sears catalog was published in 1888. By 1894, the Sears catalog had grown to 322 pages, featuring sewing machines, bicycles, sporting goods, automobiles (produced from 1905 to 1915 by Lincoln Motor Car Works of Chicago, not related to the current Ford line), and a host of other new items."


                      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sears



                      Although less diversified in product lines, Spiegel was not far behind, and by 1997 it peaked $3.06 billion in sales. "Founded in April 1865, Spiegel is a leading US direct marketing retailer of apparel, accessories and footwear. Spiegel mailed its first mail order catalog to women across America in 1905, and just 20 years later, the fashion and furniture retailer had 10 million customers." Following bankruptcy and reorganization in 2003, Spiegel changed owners three times within ten years and now focuses on digital media and television promotions. A spring 2014 catalog is available."





                      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spiegel_(catalog)



                      Coming soon to a smart phone near you will be shares of stock in the largest of the large Internet retailers, Alibaba, the Hangzhou, China-based web portal. Sales of stock shares in the US are expected to exceed Facebook's $16 billion offering in 2012.



                      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alibaba_Group



                      Shopping malls, love them or hate them, I sense danger in the demise of "post" stores such as Sears. With access to Peapod.com, anyone can live a nearly germ-free life.



                      http://www.peapod.com/site_frameset.jhtml;jsessionid=1JMIUBX2BX3PACQBD0WSIIQ



                      JE comments: What Amazon basically did was put the Sears and Spiegel retail model on the computer. One wonders why the catalog behemoths were unable to make the transition themselves.


                      This marks me as a yokel, but I fondly remember the Sears Christmas "Wish Book"--it wasn't "Holiday" back then. That was how you shopped and wished for Christmas when you lived in the boondocks.  (Louisiana, Missouri had a Sears Catalog Store downtown, a tiny shop that took your orders, which you picked up in a week or so.  They would also return items for you if they didn't fit.) 


                      This young wisher is about my age.  I just did a ten-minute flip through Google images, and it seems that until the late 1980s, the WB covers featured Aryan children only:






                       



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  • Pilar Urbano and Jesus Palacios (Angel Vinas, Belgium 06/15/14 1:19 PM)


    In response to Anthony Candil´s post regarding the Urbano/Palacio duo, I have the following to say.

    1. I immediately bought Urbano´s book. It contains so many stupidities that I discarded it in utter disgust. Anthony doesn´t need to believe me. He could trace some of her egregious mistakes by surfing in http://anatomiadelahistoria.com/2014/04/juan-carlos ... and read the article by the distinguished historian Roberto Muñoz Bolaños.


    As for Jesús Palacios, I invite Anthony to surf on www.ucm.es or uam.es and have a look at the faculty. Anthony may have been led astray by the equivocal title "profesor asociado," translating it as "associate professor." It´s a false cognate. In Spanish it means somebody who´s invited by a University to lecture occasionally, often without pay. It´s used to put some gold on business cards.


    If my memory is correct, but I may be wrong, Palacios in times past used to have an affiliation with a private Catholic University, San Pablo-CEU. Anthony should not believe that as far as Contemporary History is concerned, it is a Spanish Notre Dame. It´s rather a redoubt of right-wing, occasionally extreme right-wing, historians.


    JE comments:  "Profesor asociado" would probably best be translated as "Adjunct Professor" or "Adjunct Instructor."  To make it clear for those outside the academic rat-race, "Associate Professor" is a far more prestigious position, signifying the achievement of tenure (permanent job security).



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