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Post Catholic Victims In Spanish Civil War: A Reading List
Created by John Eipper on 02/26/17 8:36 AM

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Catholic Victims In Spanish Civil War: A Reading List (Paul Preston, UK, 02/26/17 8:36 am)

In response to Enrique Torner (25 February), the book "by" Fray Justo Pérez de Urbel was, as John Eipper says, written to order by a ghostwriter, Carlos Luis Álvarez. The original of the book is Fray Justo Pérez de Urbel, Los mártires de la Iglesia (Testigos de su fe) (Barcelona: AHR, 1956) part of a collection devoted entirely to eulogising the Franco side in the civil war. The bulk of the titles are hagiographies of Franco's generals. Carlos Luis Álvarez "Cándido" relates the story of how he was hired in his memoirs: Cándido, Memorias prohibidas (Barcelona: Ediciones B, 1995) pp. 147-51.

I am rather surprised by Enrique Torner's claim that I hardly devote any space to this question. There is a huge literature on this much of which I cite in my book. In general, given that the Francoist repression was numerically three times greater and was exhaustively investigated in Franco's time and beyond with huge resources devoted to the issue, I do give more space to the victims of Francoist repression.

If Enrique is serious about studying this, he should look at the following:

Alfonso Álvarez Bolado, Para ganar la guerra, para ganar la paz. Iglesia y guerra civil 1936-1939 (Madrid: Universidad Pontificia de Comillas, 1995);

Antonio Montero Moreno, Historia de la persecución religiosa en España 1936-1939 (Madrid: Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos, 1961);

Hilari Raguer, Gunpowder and Incense. The Catholic Church and the Spanish Civil War (London: Routledge/Cañada Blanch, 2007);

Gonzalo Redondo, Historia de la Iglesia en España 1931-1939. 2 volumes (Madrid: Ediciones Rialp, 1993).

I hope that he won't see further evidence of my alleged bias in the fact that the late Father Alfonso Álvarez Bolado was a Jesuit, the late Antonio Montero Moreno was Bishop of Badajoz, Fray Hilari Raguer is a Benedictine monk at the Monastery of Montserrat and Father Gonzalo Redondo is a professor of Canon Law at the University of Madrid.

For a more critical account, examining the church's justification of atrocities. he might look at:

Julián Casanova, La Iglesia de Franco (Madrid: Ediciones Temas de Hoy, 2001). The second paperback edition (Barcelona: Editorial Crítica, 2005) is better. He should also look at Maria Thomas, The Faith and the Fury. Popular Anticlerical Violence and Iconoclasm in Spain, 1931-1936 (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press/Cañada Blanch, 2012).

JE comments:   The Álvarez/Cándido memoirs must be particularly interesting.  He died in 2006.  Álvarez was still in his 20s when he wrote the book for Pérez de Urbel.

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